On June 14, 1900 the Republic of Hawaii was annexed to the U.S. after Congress passed the Newlands Resolution in 1898, that made it a military base to defend the continental US from British attack.
Queen Liliʻuokalani (born September 2, 1838, Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii —died November 11, 1917, Honolulu [USA] ), & our header picture was overthrown as the last reigning monarch in 1893 by Americans under the leadership of Sanford Dole, descendant of the American missionary community to Hawaii and the first president in the new republic. When President Cleveland refused to support Dole’s actions, the latter refused to give political control back to the deposed queen leaving a stalemate in relations.
President Grover Cleveland opposed annexation as he was anti-expanisonist & a friend of the Queen, but his successor, President William McKinley, was in favor of it after the Spanish-American War in 1898 increased U.S. interest in the Pacific. The territory was granted statehood on August 21 1959 to become the 50th U.S. state.
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