Cordell Hull (October 2, 1871 – July 23, 1955) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee. He is known as the longest-serving Secretary of State, holding the position for 11 years (1933–1944) in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during most of World War II. Hull received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 for his role in establishing the United Nations, and was referred to by President Roosevelt as the “Father of the United Nations”.
Born in Olympus, Tennessee, he pursued a legal career after graduating from the Cumberland School of Law. He won election to the Tennessee House of Representatives and served in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. He represented Tennessee in the United States House of Representatives from 1907 to 1921 and from 1923 to 1931.
As a member of the House Ways and Means Committee, Hull helped pass the Revenue Act of 1913 and the Revenue Act of 1916, which implemented the federal income tax and the federal estate tax. He served as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1921 to 1924 and was a presidential candidate at the 1928 Democratic National Convention.
Hull won election to the Senate in 1930, but resigned from the Senate in 1933 to become Secretary of State. Roosevelt and Hull pursued the Good Neighbor policy, which sought to avoid U.S. intervention in Latin American affairs. In the aftermath of Mexican agrarian reforms, he developed the Hull Doctrine as a way to compensate foreign investors in the aftermath of nationalization.
In November 1941, he presented the Hull note to Japan, demanding Japanese withdrawal from French Indochina and China. In 1943, Hull and his staff drafted the document that became the United Nations Charter. Hull resigned as Secretary of State due to poor health in 1944.
Marc Jones lists Secretary Hull’s birthplace as Byrdstown and not Olympus. While Olympus is a small town outside of Byrdstown, we have changed the location on our map. For those interested, nothing, not even the Ascendant nor Moon changed.
Some incidental things to notice on the Secretary’s chart. 29 Virgo suggests he was an inveterate collector of thing and as it is sextile both his Ascendant and his Mars, he took great pride in his collection. His Neptune is conjunct his Midheaven showing how much the United Nations was the realization of his dreams, but since it square Jupiter conjunct Uranus he was scorned for the greater part of his career because of it.
His Moon is exalted in Taurus in the eleventh house partile Pluto, showing how much transforming that dream into reality was indeed his crowning glory. Finally his Sun square Saturn &Mars in the 5th shows he suffered from cardiac ill health.