Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, born September 7, 1836, Glasgow, Scotland-died April 22, 1908, London, England. He was the British prime minister from December 5, 1905, to April 5, 1908. He granted self-government to the Transvaal (1906) and the Orange River Colony (1907), despite the Boers recent defeat by the British in the South African War (1899-1902).
‘C-B’ was educated in Glasgow and Cambridge. He became a partner in the family firm, and married Charlotte Bruce in 1860; the marriage proved to be a long and happy one. As MP for the Stirling Burghs from 1868 C-B showed himself a radical Gladstonian, supporting Scottish disestablishment and Irish Home Rule (Pluto in the eighth house).
Throughout his career he derived strength from his capacity to foster the confidence of radical Liberals for his advocacy of progressive causes including women’s suffrage, Labour representation, and Scottish devolution; on hearing of the dissolution of the Russian Duma by the Tsar he uttered one of his two memorable remarks: ‘La duma est morte; vive la duma.’ (The Duma is Dead; Long live the Duma, Latin).
In 1884-5 C-B served briefly as chief secretary for Ireland and reached the cabinet as secretary of state for war prior to the Home Rule crisis in 1886. He retained this post in Gladstone’s last administration in 1892 and under Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery in 1894-5. While he thought he would be Speaker, he ended up filling the vacuum left by PM Herbert Gladstone’s retirement as both John Morley and Herbert H. Asquith, senior to him, declined the poisoned chalice, thus C-B became the leader by default.
C-B as PM
He was promptly faced with guiding the divided Liberal Party through a period dominated by the Boer war. His leadership was challenged by Rosebery and undermined by the liberal Imperialists who supported the government’s South African policy. Lord Horatio Kitchener’s scorched earth policy against the Boers followed by a Dachau like concentration camp where women and children were starved, provoked C-B’s other memorable words: ‘When is a war not a war? When it is carried on by methods of barbarism in South Africa.’
His prospects transformed during 1902-4 as the Balfour government wrestled with the consequences of the war and split over tariff reform. In 1905-8 as PM he successfully bridged the gap between New Liberal policies and Gladstonian traditions by giving free rein to his able ministers. Important reforms concerning trade unions and school meals; old-age pensions were implemented Asquith and the British army reorganized by Haldane. By the time of his retirement through ill-health in 1908, C-B had pointed the Liberals towards their great goal-the reduction of the powers of the hereditary House of Lords.
In 1907 Campbell-Bannerman’s health failed, and, 17 days before his death, he resigned in favour of Lord Asquith.—from Britannica 11th Edition.
Marc Jones cites him as born September 7, 1836 in Glasgow. No time. We are putting him at 5:13 AM giving him an ascendant partile to his sun, by a few minutes. The chart is above.